Native Plants

The Pollinator Pathway Committee hopes to inform and inspire residents to try some native plants in their gardens and watch them come alive as never before—with baby birds and amazing insects and gorgeous moths and butterflies!


Wondering if you already have native plants in your garden? There's an app for that! Download the "Seek” app by iNaturalist. You can take photos of your plants, flowers, and trees and find out if they're “native” or “introduced." This is a great activity to do with kids and get everyone engaged.


You can then start to replace introduced species with native species. See our list of native plants and local gardens and visit our Garden Design Tips & Resources for how you and your gardener can start to grow your garden and where to buy native plants.


Valuable Local Native Trees

Oaks - Pin oak, white oak, red oak (Quercus palustris, Q. alba, Q. rubra)

Hickory (Carya)

Red Maple and Silver Maple (Acer rubrum, Acer saccharinum)

American Beech (Fagus grandifolia)

Black Cherry (Prunus serotina)

Black Birch (Betula lenta)

Eastern Red Cedar (Juniperus virginiana)

Native Shrubs and Small Trees

Beautyberry (Callicarpa americana)

Blackhaw Viburnum (Viburnum prunifolium) - spring flowers, showy fruits, autumn color

Blueberry (Vaccinium)

Elderberry (Sambucus racemose)

Inkberry (Ilex glabra) – a good native alternative to boxwood

Mountain Laurel (Kalmia latifolia)

Ninebark (Physocarpus opulifolius)

Shadbush, Allegheny Serviceberry (Amelanchier canadensis, A. laevis)

Sumac (Rhus)

Winterberry (Ilex verticillate)

Native Dogwood Tree (Cornus florida)

Redbud Tree (Cercis canadensis)

American Holly Tree (Ilex opaca)

Witch Hazel (Hamamelis virginiana)

Atlantic White Cedar (Chamaecyparis thyoides)

Native Vines

Virginia Creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia) - has bright fall color

Trumpet Honeysuckle (Lonicera sempervirens) - a favorite of hummingbirds

Summer Grape or Fox Grape (Vitis labrusca) - attracts bees, tasty fruit

Sun-loving native flowers

Asters - New York aster and white wood aster are compact enough for gardens and bloom in fall.

Black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia fulgida) - Tough, drought tolerant with showy yellow flowers. Blooms in late summer.

Native Coneflower (Echinacea purpurea) - pink flowers, blooms in summer.

Goldenrod (Solidago) - the perennial which supports the most beneficial insects in our region. Blooms late summer/fall. Different types available ranging from tall meadow plants to smaller species like Downy Goldenrod which fits compactly in a garden without spreading.

Joe-Pye weed (Eutrochium) - tall plant, which can be pruned shorter in the spring, with wide pink flowers in late summer.

Anise Hyssop (Agastache foeniculum) - blue spiky flowers in summer attractive to bees.

Beebalm (Monarda) - blooms in various colors in summer, seeds are eaten by birds in winter.

Milkweed – Common milkweed (Ascelepias syriaca) and Swamp milkweed (Asclepias incarnata) are the two locally native types of milkweed appropriate for monarchs and many other pollinators, including moths and bees.

Native flowers for shade

Wild Strawberry (Fragaria) - one of the top pollinator plants, blooms in late spring and summer, prefers part shade to sun.

Wild Blue Phlox (Phlox divaricata) - multiple colors, blooms in spring.

Barren Strawberry - tolerates a variety of conditions, forms a low mat useful for keeping out weeds, bright yellow blooms in spring.

Smooth Hydrangea (Hydrangea arborescens) - not the Annabelle cultivar, which is pretty but sterile. This type of hydrangea has more feathery white flowers, blooms during summer, in partial shade.

Dutchman’s Breeches (Dicentra cucullaria) - unique white blooms in early spring.

Coral Bells (Heuchera) - prefer semi shade, often colorful wavy leaves.

White Wood Aster (Eurybia divaricata) – tolerates heavy shade and dry soil

Native Ferns (Maidenhair, Christmas, Lady, Wood, Fiddlehead) - non-flowering natives that work well in shade as ground covers.

Benefits of Native Plants:

  • Beautiful plants that also provide beneficial ecological services.

  • Require less care than non-native plants because they’ve evolved next to, and formed reciprocal relationships with, other local living creatures.

  • Rarely need watering.

  • Thrive in poor soil.

  • Tend to repel truly unwanted insects.

  • With trimming, they can become part of a formal landscape design.

Local Landscape Architects & Landscapers Working with Native Plants

Plant Me a Rainbow

Plan It Wild

Pennington Grey

EcoBeneficial

Green Jay Landscaping

Meadoworks LLC

Flora Horticultural Services Ltd Ani Adhishian; a Bronxville-based company (no webisite) ani.adhishian@gmail.com, 914 760 9390


Raise native pollinator plants from seed. Look for organically grown seed at garden centers or online at:

www.johnnyseeds.com

www.harrisseeds.com

www.highmowingseeds.com


Contact us at bxvpollinatorpathway@gmail.com with any questions about starting or maintaining your native garden.


www.pollinator-pathway.org

This national organization offers excellent information and resources to get started.

www.healthyyards.org Based in Bedford, this group provides information and holds events on how to use more ecologically friendly yard care techniques.